So having understood and remembered the info on HDL and LDL, we come to Triglycerides.
Triglycerides are another type of fat. One that’s used as energy.
High triglyceride levels, especially with high cholesterol, high LDL and low HDL, can put your heart at risk. Really high levels of triglycerides may also cause pancreatitis.
Normal levels are less than 1.7, target level is less than 1.5 and mine is 1.0 mmol/L.
I am not doing too badly here. But so you know, triglyceride levels can be increased by excessive alcohol consumption.
To lower triglyceride levels you take much the same steps as for lower cholesterol and LDL ( the bad cholesterol).
Exercise for at least 30 minutes every day.
Eat less, particularly high fat foods.
Increase the amount of fibre in your diet.
Avoid high sugar foods such as lollies. Choose foods with a low glycaemic index (GI) such as legumes and wholegrain products.
Eat more fish. Choose fish rich in omega-3 fatty acids such as salmon, mackerel, tuna and trout. Omega-3 in high doses can reduce triglyceride levels.
Cut back on alcohol. The kilojoules and sugar in alcoholic drinks can raise triglyceride levels.
Lose excess body fat using a combination of healthy eating and regular exercise.
Manage coexisting health conditions such as diabetes or hypertension effectively.